买彩66


来源:西安求是家教中心 日期:2017-4-9


在写作时,开头一般是最难的,而结尾又是点睛之笔,因此,写好作文的开头和结尾尤其重要,会直接关系到整篇作文的得分高低。







---作文开头四式---







1. “开门见山”式







一般来说,文章的开头应尽量做到“开门见山”,即要用简单明了的语言引出文章的话题,使人一开始就能了解文章要说明的内容。



(西安高中英语家教)



① 对于叙事类的文章,可以在开头把人物、时间、事件和环境交代清楚。







如:“A Trip to Huangshan” (黄山之旅)的开头可以是:Last month, my family went to Huangshan by train. It took us ten hours to get there. What a long and tiring journey! We were tired but the beautiful scenery excited us.







② 对于论述性的文章,可以在开头处先阐明自己的观点,接着展开进一步的论述。







如“The Time and the Money (时间和金钱)” 的开头可以是:Most people say that money is more important than time. But I don't think so. First, when money is used up, you can earn it back, but……







2. 回忆性开头



(西安高中英语家教)



在描述事件或游记类的文章中,采用回忆性的开头往往更能吸引人的眼球。这种类型的开头中通常含有描述自己心情或情绪的词汇,如never forget(永远无法忘记), remember(记得), unforgettable(难以忘怀的), exciting(令人激动的), surprising(令人惊讶的), sad(难过的)……







如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头还以这样写:I will never forget my first trip to Huangshan. 或 It was really an unforgettable experience I had.







3. 疑问性开头







在叙事类或论述性的文章中,都可采用疑问型开头,这样既可以吸引阅卷者的注意又容易抓住中心。







如“Planting Trees(种树)”的开头可以是:Have you ever planted trees? Don't you think planting trees is …… 



再如“Traveling Abroad(出国之旅)”的开头可以是:If you have an opportunity to travel abroad, why not consider Singapore?



(西安高中英语家教)



4. 倒叙式开头







在有的文章,特别是叙事类的文章中,可以采用倒叙的写作手法,先写出事件的结果,再陈述过程。







如“Catching Thieves(捉贼)”的开头可以这样写:I lay in bed in the hospital. I smiled at my friends even though my legs hurt. Do you want to know what happened to me? Let me tell you. It's a ... story.















---作文结尾四式---







1. 自然结尾,点明主题







随着文章的结束,文章自然而然地结尾。







如“Helping the Policeman (帮助警察)”的结尾可以是:The two children were praised by the police and they felt happy. 



再如“The Tortoise and the Hare(龟兔赛跑)” 的结尾可以是:When the hare got to the tree, the tortoise had already been there。







2. 首尾呼应







升华主题在文章的结尾可以用含义较深的话点明主题,深化主题,起到“画龙点睛”的效果。







如“I Love My Hometown(我爱家乡)”的结尾可以是:I love my hometown,  and I am proud of it.







3. 反问结尾,引起深思







这种方式的结尾虽然形式是问句,但意义却是肯定的,而且具有一定的强调作用,可引起他人的深思。



如 “Learning English can give us a lot of pleasure (学英语能为我们带来许多乐趣)” 的结尾可以是:If we learn English well, we can…Don't you think learning English is great fun?







4. 表达祝愿,阐述愿望



(西安高中英语家教)



这种方式的结尾常出现在书信或演讲稿的文体中,表示对他人的祝福或对将来的展望等。







如“A Letter to the Farmers(给农民们的一封信)”的结尾可以是:I hope the farmers' life will be better and better. 







另外,书信的结尾常有以下形式的祝福语:Best wishes; I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year; I wish you have a good time等。